Scientific Classification

Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Mammalia
Order Carnivora
Family Felidae
Genus Panthera
Scientific Name Panthera tigris
tiger
Bengal Tiger

Tiger Description

  • The tiger is not only the world’s largest cat but it is also one of the largest land carnivorous mammals.
  • In 1900 there were 100,000 tigers in the wild but now less than 5,000 are remaining.
  • They are the only felids that can swim. Tigers can swim 29 km (18 mi) a day.
  • Tigers are apex predators.
  • They can also kill other predators including crocodiles, leopards, sloth bears, and pythons.
  • One can hear tiger’s call from a distance of 400 meters.
  • It can survive couple of weeks without eating.
  • The largest population of wild tigers is in India.

Size & Weight

Adults:

(Male)

  • TOTAL LENGTH: 250 to 390 cm (98 to 154 in)
  • WEIGHT: 90 to 306 kg (198 to 675 lb)
  • SKULL LENGTH: 316 to 383 mm (12.4 to 15.1 in)

(Female)

  • TOTAL LENGTH: 200 to 275 cm (79 to 108 in)
  • WEIGHT: 65 to 167 kg (143 to 368 lb)
  • SKULL LENGTH: 268 to 318 mm (10.6 to 12.5 in)

Cubs

  • WEIGHT: 680 to 1,400 g (1.50 to 3.09 lb)

Subspecies

tiger
Tigers are expert swimmers

Habitat

Swampy mangrove forest, semievergreen forest, thorn forest, savanna, taiga forests, rocky areas, open grassland

Range

Eastern Asia, Southeast Asia, Siberia, Indonesian Islands (Java, Sumatra, Bali)

Diet

Sambar deer, wild boar, water buffalo, domestic buffalo, chital, gaur, nilgai, barasingha, Manchurian wapiti, musk deer, sika deer, roe deer, moose, saiga antelope, wisent, monkeys, yak, peafowls, hares, fish, birds, porcupines, muntjac

Reproduction

2 – 3 cubs

Mating Period

All year

Gestation Period

93 to 112 days

Weaning Period

90 – 180 days

Sexual Maturity

  • 4 – 5 years (Males)
  • 3 – 4 years (Females)

Population

3,890

Lifespan

26 years (captivity)

Speed

49–65 km/h (30–40 mph)

Baby Name

Cubs

Home Range

  • 20 sq km (7.7 sq mi) (Females)
  • 60 to 100 sq km (23 to 39 sq mi) (Males)

Female Name

Tigress

Competitors

Wolves, crocodiles, leopards, pythons, dholes, striped hyenas, lynxes

Call

Moaning, woofs, hisses, purring, grunts, growls

Behavior

Solitary, territorial, nocturnal

Conservation Status

Endangered

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