|Scientific Name||Panthera tigris|
- The tiger is not only the world’s largest cat but it is also one of the largest land carnivorous mammals.
- In 1900 there were 100,000 tigers in the wild but now less than 5,000 are remaining.
- They are the only felids that can swim. Tigers can swim 29 km (18 mi) a day.
- Tigers are apex predators.
- They can also kill other predators including crocodiles, leopards, sloth bears, and pythons.
- One can hear tiger’s call from a distance of 400 meters.
- It can survive couple of weeks without eating.
- The largest population of wild tigers is in India.
Size & Weight
- TOTAL LENGTH: 250 to 390 cm (98 to 154 in)
- WEIGHT: 90 to 306 kg (198 to 675 lb)
- SKULL LENGTH: 316 to 383 mm (12.4 to 15.1 in)
- TOTAL LENGTH: 200 to 275 cm (79 to 108 in)
- WEIGHT: 65 to 167 kg (143 to 368 lb)
- SKULL LENGTH: 268 to 318 mm (10.6 to 12.5 in)
- WEIGHT: 680 to 1,400 g (1.50 to 3.09 lb)
- Bengal Tiger
- Siberian Tiger
- Indochinese Tiger
- Malayan Tiger
- South China Tiger
- Sumatran Tiger
- Bali Tiger
- Caspian Tiger
- Javan Tiger
Swampy mangrove forest, semievergreen forest, thorn forest, savanna, taiga forests, rocky areas, open grassland
Eastern Asia, Southeast Asia, Siberia, Indonesian Islands (Java, Sumatra, Bali)
Sambar deer, wild boar, water buffalo, domestic buffalo, chital, gaur, nilgai, barasingha, Manchurian wapiti, musk deer, sika deer, roe deer, moose, saiga antelope, wisent, monkeys, yak, peafowls, hares, fish, birds, porcupines, muntjac
2 – 3 cubs
93 to 112 days
90 – 180 days
- 4 – 5 years (Males)
- 3 – 4 years (Females)
26 years (captivity)
49–65 km/h (30–40 mph)
- 20 sq km (7.7 sq mi) (Females)
- 60 to 100 sq km (23 to 39 sq mi) (Males)
Wolves, crocodiles, leopards, pythons, dholes, striped hyenas, lynxes
Moaning, woofs, hisses, purring, grunts, growls
Solitary, territorial, nocturnal