Scientific Classification

Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Mammalia
Order Proboscidea
Family Elephantidae
Genus Elephas
Species Elephas maximus
Scientific Name Elephas maximus sumatranus
Sumatran Elephant
Sumatran Elephant

Sumatran Elephant Description

  • The Sumatran elephant has lighter skin color as compared to the India elephants.
  • They have comparatively shorter tusks.
  • Elephants drink 80 – 100 liters of water a day.
  • The Sumatran elephant weighs 10 times as much as a large Siberian tiger.

Size & Weight

Adults:

  • WEIGHT: 2,000 and 4,000 kg (4,400 and 8,800 lb)
  • SHOULDER HEIGHT: 2 and 3.2 m (6.6 and 10.5 ft)

Habitat

Forests

Range

Sumatra

Diet

Copious vegetation

Population

2,400 – 2,800

Lifespan

  • 60 years max. (wild)
  • 75 years max. (captivity)

Conservation Status

Critically Endangered