Scientific Classification

Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Mammalia
Order Proboscidea
Family Elephantidae
Genus Palaeoloxodon
Species P. antiquus
Scientific Name Palaeoloxodon antiquus
Straight-tusked Elephant
Straight-tusked Elephant in the Natural Museum

Straight-tusked Elephant Description

  • The straight-tusked elephant is thought to be the close cousin of modern day Asian Elephant.
  • It lived 781,000 – 50,000 years ago during the Pleistocene period.
  • They had legs longer than those of modern elephants.
  • Straight-tusked elephants were able to eat foliage 8 meters above the ground.
  • They could have probably died out of food shortage.
  • Their tusks were slightly curved.

Size & Weight

  • SHOULDER HEIGHT: 4 meters (13 ft)
  • WEIGHT: 11.3 tonnes (11.1 long tons; 12.5 short tons)
  • TONGUE LENGTH: 80 cm

Fossil Discovery

Spain (Aridos), Germany (Grobern, Ehringsdorf), Italy (Notarchirico)

Habitat

Temperate, wooded habitats

Range

Western Europe

Diet

Plants

Group Name

Herd

Group Size

15 individuals

Conservation Status

Extinct