Magellanic Penguin
Magellanic Penguin ©www.birdsflight.com

Order Sphenisciformes

Family Spheniscidae

Genus Spheniscus

Class Aves

Scientific Name

Spheniscus magellanicus

Thumbnail Description

  • Magellanic penguins were first discovered by the explorer Ferdinand Magellan in 1520. The birds are named after the explorer.
  • They lay eggs in areas where the temperature remains over 20℃.
  • The penguin has brown eyes.
Magellanic Penguin
Young magellanic penguin ©commons.wikimedia.org

Size & Weight

HEIGHT: 61–76 cm (24–30 in)

WEIGHT: (males) 6.4–10.6 lb (2.9–4.8 kg) (females) 5.9–9.0 lb (2.7–4.1 kg)

Habitat

Vegetated islands, bare islands,

Range

Argentina, Falkland Islands, Chile, Brazil, Rio de Janeiro

Diet

Cuttlefish, squid, krill

Number of Eggs

2 eggs

Breeding Season

September – March

Incubation Period

39–42 days

Nestling Period

29 days

Gestation Period

Unknown

Diving

DEPTH: 66–164 ft (20–50 m)

Sexual Maturity

Unknown

Population

Unknown

Lifespan

25 years (wild)

30 years (captivity)

Speed

4.7 mi/hr (7.6 km/hr)

Baby Name

Unknown

Home Range

Unknown

Group Size

Unknown

Predators

Unknown

Behavior

Diurnal

Conservation Status

Near Threatened