Scientific Classification

Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Mammalia
Order Proboscidea
Family Elephantidae
Genus Elephas
Subspecies E. m. maximus
Scientific Name Elephas maximus indicus
indian elephant
Indian Elephant

Indian Elephant Description

  • The Indian elephant can eat up to 150 kg (330 lb) of plants each day.
  • They are thought to consume grass that is 1.6 feet higher.
  • Indian elephants will stay as close a distance as possible from a fresh water source.

Size & Weight

Adults:

  • TOTAL LENGTH: 21 feet
  • WEIGHT: 2,000 and 5,000 kg (4,400 and 11,000 lb)
  • SHOULDER HEIGHT: 2 and 3.5 m (6.6 and 11.5 ft)

Habitat

Moist deciduous, grasslands, moist deciduous, semi-evergreen forests, evergreen forests, subtropical broadleaf forests, dry thorn forests; altitude 400 to 1,400 m (1,300 to 4,600 ft)

Range

Thailand, Cambodia, Nepal, China, Vietnam, Myanmar, Malay Peninsula, Laos

Diet

Tall grass, legume, true grass, sedge, palm, wood apple, date, palm, seedling bamboos, culms, shoots, acacia, kumbhi, tamarind, floodplain grass

Population

46,368

Lifespan

55 – 70 years

Speed

43 km/h (27 mph)

Conservation Status

Endangered