Scientific Classification

Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Mammalia
Order Artiodctyla
Family Hippopotamidae
Genus Hippopotamus
Scientific Name Hippopotamus amphibius
hippopotamus
Hippos fighting

Other Names

Hippo

Hippopotamus Description

  • The hippopotamus is the world’s third largest land mammal.
  • Hippos are semiaquatic animals in that they spend the day in rivers or lakes.
  • They have little hair on their skin.
  • The largest population of hippos is in Tanzania
  • At dusk hippos travel 10 km (6 mi) in search of grass.
  • They will spend 4 – 5 hours grazing and eat up to 68 kg (150 lb) a night.
  • The Cyprus dwarf hippopotamus is the smallest hippo ever lived.

Size & Weight

Adult:

  • WEIGHT: (Male) 1,500 kg (3,300 lb) (Female) 1,300 kg (2,900 lb)
  • CANINE LENGTH: 50 cm (1.6 ft)

Newborns

  • LENGTH: 127 cm (4.17 ft)
  • WEIGHT: 25 and 50 kg (55 and 110 lb)
hippos
Hippos are herbivorous animals

Range

Northern Democratic Republic of the Congo, Kenya, Somalia, Sudan, The Gambia, Uganda, South Africa, Ethiopia, Tanzania

Habitat

Savannah, forest areas

Diet

Herbivorous

Subspecies

  • Great northern hippopotamus/Nile hippopotamus
  • East African hippopotamus
  • Cape hippopotamus/South African hippopotamus
  • West African hippopotamus/Tchad hippopotamus
  • Angola hippopotamus

Extinct Species

  • European hippopotamus
  • major
  • gorgops
  • Cyprus dwarf hippopotamus or Cypriot pygmy hippopotamus
  • Malagasy pygmy hippopotamus
  • Maltese hippopotamus

Sexual Maturity

  • 3 – 4 years (Female)
  • 5 years (Male)

Reproduction

1 calf

Lifespan

40 – 50 years

Speed

  • ON LAND: 30 km/h (19 mph)
  • IN WATER: 8 km/h (5 mph)

Population

125,000 – 150,000

Gestation Period

8 months

Weaning Period

6 – 8 months

Male Hippo

Bull

Female Hippo

Cow

Group Name

Herd, bloat

Group Size

5 – 30 individuals (100 max.)

Behavior

Aggressive

Calls

Grunts, bellows

Predators

Nile crocodiles, spotted hyenas, lions

Baby Name

Calf

Conservation Status

Vulnerable