saOrder Carnivora

Family Phocidae

Scientific Name

Pagophilus groenlandicus

Thumbnail Description

They migrate northward when the ice begins to melt

Size and Weight

Adults:

LENGTH: 5.6 ft (1.7 m) (males) 5.6 ft (1.7 m) (females)

WEIGHT: 297 lb (135 kg) (males) 240 lb (109 kg) (females)

Newborns:

LENGTH: 80–85 cm (31–33 in)

WEIGHT: 11 kg (24 lb)

Habitat

Ice floes

Distribution

Northeastern Canada, Greenland, White Sea (Russia), North Atlantic Ocean

Diet

Fish 70 species, invertebrates 70 species; capelin (Mallosus villosus), Arctic (Boreogadus saida), polar cod (Arctogadus glacialis)

Reproduction

1

Population

70,000 – 90,000

Lifespan

20 – 30 years

Group Name

Harem

Predators

Humans

Speed

Unknown

Sounds

Bawling, mumble, growl, warble

Behavior

Migratory

Conservation Status

Least Concern

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