Gentoo Penguin
Gentoo Penguin ©www.biodiversityexplorer.org

Order Sphenisciformes

Family Spheniscidae

Genus Pygoscelis

Class Aves

Scientific Name

Pygoscelis papua

Thumbnail Description

  • Gentoo penguins make trumpeting calls.
  • It is the third largest species of penguin.
  • The Gentoo penguin is the fastest swimmer of all penguins.

Size & Weight

HEIGHT: 51 to 90 cm (20 to 35 in)

WEIGHT: (males) 8.5 kg (19 lb) (females) 8.2 kg (18 lb)

gentoo penguin
Gentoo Penguin ©www.telegraph.co.uk

Habitat

Shoreline, rocky areas, shallow coastal areas, tufts of grass

Range

Falkland Islands, South Georgia, Kerguelen Islands, Macquarie Island, Heard Islands, South Shetland Islands, Antarctic Peninsula.

Diet

Patagonotothen sp., Thysanopsetta naresi, Micromesistius australis, squat lobsters, Loligo gahi, Gonatus antarcticus, Moroteuthis ingens, crustaceans, krill

Number of Eggs

2 eggs

gentoo penguin
Adult gentoo penguins on their nest ©nzbirdsonline.org.nz

Eggs Size

WEIGHT: 130 g (4.6 oz)

Breeding Season

Unknown

Incubation Period

34 to 36 days

Nestling Period

5 – 50 days

Nest

HEIGHT: 20 cm (7.9 in)

DIAMETER: 25 cm (9.8 in)

Fledging Period

85 to 117 days

Gestation Period

Unknown

Weaning Period

Unknown

Sexual Maturity

2 years

Population

300,000

Lifespan

Unknown

Speed

36 km/h (22 mph)

Baby Name

Unknown

Home Range

Unknown

Group Size

Unknown

Predators

Killer whale, sea lion, skua, leopard seal

Sounds

Unknown

Behavior

Unknown

Conservation Status

Near Threatened

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