- The emperor penguin is not only the largest but the highest of all penguins.
- They travel 50–120 km (31–75 mi) in search of breeding colonies.
- They are able to reach depths of about 265 m (869 ft), with dive periods of up to 18 minutes.
- Both parents search food up to 500 km (311 mi) from colonies.
Size & Weight
BODY-HEIGHT: 110–130 cm (43–51 in)
WEIGHT: 22.7 to 45.4 kg (50 to 100 lb)
WEIGHT: 315 g (11 oz)
Ice cliffs, icebergs
Dion Islands, Antarctic Peninsula, Snow Island, Heard Island (South Georgia), Coulman Island, Halley, Dibble Glacier, Victoria Island, Cape Washington, Ross Sea, Taylor Glacier
Crustaceans, cephalopods, Antarctic silverfish, glacial squid, hooked squid, Antarctic krill
Number of Eggs
LENGTH: 12 cm × 8 cm (4 3⁄4 in × 3 1⁄4 in)
WEIGHT: 460–470 g (1.01–1.04 lb)
March and April
DEPTH: 450 to 500 m (1,480 to 1,640 ft)
20 – 50 years
6–9 km/h (3.7–5.6 mph)
Southern giant petrels, south polar skua, leopard seal, orca
Social, active day and night