Scientific Classification

Phylum Chordata
Subphylum Vertebrata
Class Mammalia
Superorder Afrotheria
Order Proboscidea
Family Elephantidae
elephant
Elephants drink 100 to 200 liters of water a day ©www.independent.co.uk

Elephant Description

  • Elephants are the largest herbivorous mammals. They are also the largest terrestrial animals.
  • There are 326–351 bones in an elephant skeleton.
  • The elephant’s nose is made up of 150,000 separate muscles. It is called trunk.
  • The trunk serves many purposes such as touching, producing sounds, breathing, grasping, olfaction.
  • Elephants can lift anything (with its trunk) that is around 350 kilograms.
  • Asian elephants are thought to hold as much as 8.5 liters of water in their trunk.
  • All elephants have 26 teeth.
  • They can dig, mark trees, move tree branches, and fight with their tusks.
  • The thickness of an elephant’s skin is about 2.5 cm (1 in).
  • Elephants can neither jump nor can they gallop.
  • They are remarkable swimmers.
  • African elephants are bigger than the Asian elephants.
  • Elephants eat up to 150 kg (330 lb) of food a day.
  • Each day they drink 40 liters of water.
  • Elephants travel 10–20 km (6–12 mi) in one day.
  • The elephant’s calls can be heard at a distance of 6 miles (10 kilometers).
  • Unlike other large mammals, elephants keep on growing till they reach adulthood.

Size & Weight

Adults

  • SHOULDER HEIGHT: 3–4 m (10–13 ft)
  • WEIGHT: 4,000–7,000 kg (8,800–15,400 lb)
  • BRAIN WEIGHT: 5–5.5 kg (10–12 lb)
  • HEART WEIGHT: 12–21 kg (26–46 lb)

Calves

  • HEIGHT: 200–265 lb (90–120 kg)
  • WEIGHT: 120 kg (260 lb)

Elephant Tusk

  • LENGTH: 79 in (200 cm)
  • WEIGHT: 110 lb (50 kg)
elephant
Elephant stands on two hind legs to reach out high trees

Species

Habitat

Dry savannas, marshes, gallery forests, evergreen forests, deserts, lake shores, thorn-scrub forests

Range

South Asia, Southeast Asia, sub-Saharan Africa

Diet

Bark, twigs, leaves, fruit, grass, roots, bark, tubers, bulbs, pods, branches, flowers

Reproduction

1 – 2 calves

Gestation Period

2 years

Weaning Period

5 – 10 years

Sexual Maturity

  • 9 years (Females)
  • 14 – 15 years (Males)

Population

750,000

Lifespan

60 – 70 years

Speed

  • WALKING: 1.2–6.2 mph (2–10 kph)
  • SWIMMING: 2.1 km/h (1 mph)
  • RUNNING:12.4 mph (20 kph)

Baby Name

Calf

Home Range

120 sq km

Male Elephant

Bull

Female Elephant

Cow

Predators

Wild dogs, tigers, spotted hyenas, lions

Call

Trumpet-like calls

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