- Elephants are the largest herbivorous mammals. They are also the largest terrestrial animals.
- There are 326–351 bones in an elephant skeleton.
- The elephant’s nose is made up of 150,000 separate muscles. It is called trunk.
- The trunk serves many purposes such as touching, producing sounds, breathing, grasping, olfaction.
- Elephants can lift anything (with its trunk) that is around 350 kilograms.
- Asian elephants are thought to hold as much as 8.5 liters of water in their trunk.
- All elephants have 26 teeth.
- They can dig, mark trees, move tree branches, and fight with their tusks.
- The thickness of an elephant’s skin is about 2.5 cm (1 in).
- Elephants can neither jump nor can they gallop.
- They are remarkable swimmers.
- African elephants are bigger than the Asian elephants.
- Elephants eat up to 150 kg (330 lb) of food a day.
- Each day they drink 40 liters of water.
- Elephants travel 10–20 km (6–12 mi) in one day.
- The elephant’s calls can be heard at a distance of 6 miles (10 kilometers).
- Unlike other large mammals, elephants keep on growing till they reach adulthood.
Size & Weight
- SHOULDER HEIGHT: 3–4 m (10–13 ft)
- WEIGHT: 4,000–7,000 kg (8,800–15,400 lb)
- BRAIN WEIGHT: 5–5.5 kg (10–12 lb)
- HEART WEIGHT: 12–21 kg (26–46 lb)
- HEIGHT: 200–265 lb (90–120 kg)
- WEIGHT: 120 kg (260 lb)
- LENGTH: 79 in (200 cm)
- WEIGHT: 110 lb (50 kg)
Dry savannas, marshes, gallery forests, evergreen forests, deserts, lake shores, thorn-scrub forests
South Asia, Southeast Asia, sub-Saharan Africa
Bark, twigs, leaves, fruit, grass, roots, bark, tubers, bulbs, pods, branches, flowers
1 – 2 calves
5 – 10 years
- 9 years (Females)
- 14 – 15 years (Males)
60 – 70 years
- WALKING: 1.2–6.2 mph (2–10 kph)
- SWIMMING: 2.1 km/h (1 mph)
- RUNNING:12.4 mph (20 kph)
120 sq km
Wild dogs, tigers, spotted hyenas, lions