Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Reptilia
Order Crocodilia
Family Crocodylidae
Subfamily  Crocodylinae
crocodile
Crocodile can high walk ©Animals – National Geographic

Crocodile Description

  • All crocodiles live in freshwater habitats such as lakes, wetlands, and rivers.
  • The crocodile’s body is adapted to swimming. It can tuck its feet to the side whilst swimming which allows the croc to swim faster.
  • The saltwater crocodile is the largest of the species while dwarf crocodile is the smallest.
  • The name of the longest crocodile ever lived is Lolong.
  • Crocs replace their 80 teeth up to as many as 50 times during their lifetime.
  • They are the close relatives of dinosaurs.
  • The crocodile’s eyes and ears are on top of its head. This allows the animal to hide while swimming.
  • They are mostly nocturnal animals.
  • Crocodiles have acute sense of smell.
  • A male crocodile died in Australian zoo at the age of 140 years.
  • The female croc lays eggs at night.
  • There are 14 living species of crocodile.

Size & Weight

Adults:

  • LENGTH: 1.5 to 1.9 m (4.9 to 6.2 ft) and 7 m (23 ft)
  • WEIGHT: 1,000 kg (2,200 lb)

Longest Specimen:

  • LENGTH: 6.17 m (20.2 ft)
  • WEIGHT: 1,075 kg (2,370 lb)

Species

American Crocodile, slender-snouted crocodile, Orinoco crocodile, Freshwater crocodile, Philippine crocodile, Morelet’s crocodile, Nile crocodile, New Guinea crocodile, Mugger crocodile, Saltwater crocodile, Cuban crocodile, Siamese crocodile, West African crocodile, Dwarf crocodile

Habitat

Freshwater

Range

Africa, America, Australia, Asia

Diet

Buffalo, deer, wild boar, small birds, reptiles, mammals, crustaceans, fish, amphibians, molluscs, and invertebrates

Reproduction

7 – 95 eggs

Incubation Period

65 – 95 days

Nesting Period

1 – 6 months

Bite Force

5,000 lbf (22,000 N)

Land Speed

17 km/h (11 mph)

Lifespan

  • 30 – 40 years (avg.)
  • 60 – 70 years (max.)

Behavior

Territorial, aggressive

Call

Chirp, hissing, bellowing choruses

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