coyote
Coyote ©Commons.Wikimedia.org

Order Carnivora

Family Canidae

Scientific Name

Canis latrans

Other Names

American Jackal, Brush Wolf, Prairie Wolf

Thumbnail Description

Coyotes mostly hunt alone and at night.

They are the most vocal of all North American wild mammals.

Size & Weight

Adults:

(Males)

HEAD-BODY-LENGTH: 1 to 1.35 meters (3 ft 3.37 in to 4 ft 5.15 in)

WEIGHT: 8–20 kg (18–44 lb)

TAIL: 40 centimeters (16 in)

(Females)

WEIGHT: 7–18 kg (15–40 lb)

Newborns:

WEIGHT: 200-50 grams

Habitat

Sonoran Desert, alpine regions, mountainous areas, grasslands, tropical ecosystems, prairie, forest

Distribution

U.S., Canada, northern and central Mexico, Central America, northern Alaska

Diet

Bison, deer, sheep, rabbits, rodents, birds, amphibians (except toads), lizards, snakes, fish, crustaceans, insects, shrews, moles, brown rats, young black bears, harp seals, rattlesnakes, hawkmoth caterpillars, beetles, blackberries, blueberries, peaches, pears, apples, prickly pears, chapotes, persimmons, peanuts

Reproduction

6 litters

Mating Period

January – March

Gestation Period

63 days

Sexual Maturity

12 months

Population

Unknown

Lifespan

10 – 14 years (wild)

20 years (captivity)

Speed

43 mph

Baby Name

Pups

Home Range

0.38 to 62 km2 (0.15 to 23.94 sq mi)

Group Name

Packs

Predators

Bears, wolves, mountain lions

Sounds

Wow-oo-wows, woofs, barks, yips, whines

Group Size

Unknown

Behavior

Solitary, aggressive

Conservation Status

Least Concern