Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Clade Acrodonta
Class Reptilia
Order Squamata
Suborder Iguania
Family Chamaeleonidae

Chameleon Description

  • Chameleons have got the unique ability to change their colors with respect to the surroundings.
  • They possess prehensile tail and rapidly extrudable tongue.
  • Chameleons prefer to live in warm habitats including deserts.
  • Chameleons make good pets.
  • When a chameleon changes its color it probably tells the other chameleon its mood or intentions.
  • Their feet are adapted to arboreal movement.
  • Each of the chameleon’s eyes operates and focuses independently. They can see insects at 5 – 10 meter distance.
  • Chameleons lack ears but they can hear sound frequencies ranging 200 – 600 Hz.
  • They throw their tongues more than twice the length of their body.
  • It’s impossible to see a chameleon catching an insect because it takes chameleon 0.07 seconds to project its tongue.
  • Chameleon accelerates its tongue from 0 – 60 mph in 1/100th of a second. (National Geographic)


Mountain rainforests, deserts, tropical rainforests, savannas, steppes


Northern Africa, Middle East, islands of Western Indian Ocean, Sri Lanka, southern India, California, Florida, southern Portugal, southern Greece, southern Turkey, Lebanon, Iraq, Pakistan, Israel, Jordon, Canary Islands, Comoro islands, Malta


Insects, young birds, lizards, crickets, caterpillars, ants, amphibians, butterflies, snails, geckos, worms, earthworms, grasshoppers, flies

Tender shoots, berries, dandelion leaves, oats, apple, green leaves, waxworms, lettuce, tomatoes, bananas


10 – 40 eggs

Mating Period


Gestation Period

8 – 6 months

Incubation Period

4 – 24 months

Sexual Maturity

1 – 2 years


2 – 10 years


Birds, snakes


Diurnal, terrestrial

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