Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Aves
Order Pelecaniformes
Family Pelecanidae
Genus Pelecanus
Species P. occidentalis
Scientific Name Pelecanus occidentalis

brown pelicanBrown Pelican Description

  • The brown pelican is one of the most famous birds of western and southern United States.
  • They are highly gregarious species.
  • Brown pelicans live in flocks all year round.
  • They are often seen flying in V-shaped flocks.
  • The brown pelican is the State bird of Louisiana.
  • They are big stocky seabirds.

Size & Weight


  • TOTAL LENGTH: 106–137 cm (42–54 in)
  • WEIGHT: 75 to 5.5 kg (6.1 to 12.1 lb)
  • WINGSPAN: 1.83 to 2.5 m (6.0 to 8.2 ft)
  • BILL LENGTH: 28 to 34.8 cm (11.0 to 13.7 in)


Mangrove swamps, freshwater lakes


Atlantic Coast, Gulf Coast, Venezuela, Nova Scotia, Gulf of Mexico, British Colombia, North Carolina, Galapagos Islands, California, Central America, northern Peru


Amphibians, crustaceans, pigfish, sheepshead, prawns, pinfish, silversides, herring, minnows, mullet


2 – 3 broods

Incubation Period

28–30 days

Nest Size

HEIGHT: 10–26 cm (3.9–10.2 in)

Fledging Period

68–88 days


Gulls, frigatebirds, skuas, raptors, feral cats, foxes, skunks, American alligators


Gregarious, migrant

Conservation Status

Least Concern