Scientific Classification

Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Subphylum Vertebrata
Class Reptilia
Order Squamata
Suborder Serpentes
Family Elapidae
Genus Dendroaspis
Species D. polylepis
Scientific Name Dendroaspis polylepis
black mamba
Black mouth of black mamba ©africanreptiles-venom.co.za

Black Mamba Description

  • The black mamba is the longest African venomous snake.
  • The inside of a black mamba’s mouth is black.
  • It hunts using its sight.

Size & Weight

Adults:

  • TOTAL-LENGTH: 2 meters (6.6 ft) to 3 meters (9.8 ft)
  • FANGS LENGTH: 6.5 millimeters (0.26 in)
  • WEIGHT: 6 kilograms (3.5 lb)

Habitat

Rocky slopes, savannah, terrains, woodlands, semi-arid dry savannah, scrub, dense forests; altitude 1,800 meters (5,900 ft)

Range

Democratic Republic of the Congo, Somalia, Ethiopia, Burundi, Namibia, Eritrea, Malawi, eastern Uganda, Angola, Botswana, Chad, Mali, Mozambique, Rwanda, Kenya, south western Sudan, Zambia, Tanzania

black mamba
Black mamba swallowed a rat

Diet

Rock hyrax, bats, bushbabies

Reproduction

6 – 17 eggs

Incubation Period

80 – 90 days

Lifespan

11 years

Speed

  • AVERAGE: 11 km/h (6.8 mph)
  • TOP: 16 km/h (9.9 mph)

Predators

Brown snake eagle, chested snake eagle, Cape file snake, mongooses

Behavior

Diurnal, terrestrial, arboreal

Conservation Status

Least Concern