- Bison is the largest terrestrial animal in Europe and North America.
- They are remarkable swimmers and are able to cross 800-meter-wide River.
- They move in herds.
- Male bisons are called ‘bulls’. Females are known as ‘cows’.
- American and European bisons were hunted to extinction in the 19th and 20th
- Bisons often cover themselves with a mud—a behavior known as ‘wallowing’.
- They may seem lazy animals but they can attack anytime.
- Bisons are unpredictable animals.
- November 1st is the National Bison Day in the United States.
Size and Weight
- TOTAL LENGTH: 10 – 12.5 feet
- SHOULDER HEIGHT: 6 – 6.5 feet
- WEIGHT: 2,000 pounds (900 kg)
River valleys, prairies, semi-open grasslands, mountainous areas; altitude 8,000 – 10,000 feet
North America, East Asia, Western Europe, Central Asia
Grass, sedges, low-lying shrubbery
- American Bison
- European Bison
- Giant Ice Age Bison (Extinct)
- Bison Occidentalis (Extinct)
- Bison Palaeosinensis
- Steppe Bison (Extinct)
- Ancient Bison
June to September
270 – 285 days
- 18 – 22 years (wild)
- 30 years (captivity)
35 mph (56 km/h)
Grizzly bears, brow bear, grey wolf, Smilodon, cave hyenas, coyote
Wild and Aggressive