tigerOrder Carnivora

Family Felidae

Subfamily Pantherinae

Genus Panthera

Species Panthera tigris

Scientific Name

Panthera tigris tigris

Other Names

Indian Tiger, Royal Bengal Tiger

Thumbnail Description

  • Bengal tigers go after their prey from the side or behind.
  • The tiger is also capable to kill other large predators such as crocodiles, leopards, Asiatic black bears, foxes, dholes, jackals, and sloth bears.
bengal tiger
Bengal Tiger showing its canines ©en.wikipedia.org

Size and Weight

ADULTS

  • TOTAL-LENGTH: (Males) 270 to 310 cm (110 to 120 in) (Females) 240 to 265 cm (94 to 104 in)
  • WEIGHT: (Males) 180 to 258 kg (397 to 569 lb) (Females) 100 to 160 kg (220 to 350 lb)
  • TAIL: 85 to 110 cm (33 to 43 in)
  • SHOULDER HEIGHT: 90 to 110 cm (35 to 43 in)
  • CANINES LENGTH: 7.5 to 10 cm (3.0 to 3.9 in)

NEWBORNS

WEIGHT: 780 to 1,600 g (1.72 to 3.53 lb)

Physical Features

Yellow to light orange coat, with stripes ranging from dark brown to black

Habitat

Tropical moist evergreen forests, tropical dry forests, subtropical moist deciduous forests, mangroves, alluvial grasslands

Range

India, Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan

Diet

Hog deer, nilgai, barasingha, peafowl, sambar, wild boar, chital water buffalo, hares, muntjac, porcupines, gaur, serow, grey langur, takin

Breeding Season

November – February

Sexual Maturity

(Males) 4 – 5 years

(Females) 3 – 4 years

Gestation Period

104–106 days

Weaning Period

3 – 6 months

Reproduction

2 – 6 cubs

Population

2,500

Baby Name

Cubs

Lifespan

8 – 10 years

Speed

47 mph

Home Range

16 to 31 km2 (6.2 to 12.0 sq mi)

Nature

Solitary

Conservation Status

Endangered