bald eagle
Bald Eagle ©

Order Accipitriformes

Family Accipitridae

Class Aves

Genus Haliaeetus

Scientific Name

Haliaeetus leucocephalus

bald eagle
Bald Eagle’s Nest

Other Names

American Bald Eagle

Thumbnail Description

  • They have feather-free legs and powerful large talons.
  • The bald eagle is one of the largest raptors in North America.
  • It is also the national bird of the United States.
  • In the U.S. it is illegal to keep bald eagle in captivity unless you’ve got permit for that.
  • Bald eagle’s nest is the largest tree nest of any animal.
bald eagle
Bald Eagle catching a fish ©

Size & Weight

  • BODY-LENGTH: 70–102 cm (28–40 in)
  • WEIGHT: (males) 4.1 kg (9.0 lb) (females) 6 kg (12 lb)
  • WINGSPAN: 1.8 and 2.3 m (5.9 and 7.5 ft)
  • WING CHORD: 5–69 cm (20.3–27.2 in)
  • TAIL: 23–37 cm (9.1–14.6 in)
  • TARSUS: 8 to 11 cm (3.1 to 4.3 in)


Deciduous forests, Sonoran Desert, Aleutian Islands, seacoasts, lakes, marshes, rivers, hardwood trees, mangrove swamps, open prairies, pinelands, slash pines, loblolly pines, cypress trees


United States, northern Mexico, Canada, New England, Alaska, Florida



Pink salmon, sockeye salmon, trout, Chinook salmon, coho salmon, Pacific herring, eulachon, largescale suckers, common carp, catfish, American gizzard shad, white bass, Pacific sand lance, brown bullhead, mullet, eels, threadfin shad


Emperor geese, ducks, gulls, herons, alcids, egrets, grebes, American coots, snow geese, common loons, sandhill cranes, Canada geese, American white pelicans, brown pelicans, northern gannets, storm petrels, terns, cormorants, corvids, vultures


Rabbits, raccoons, muskrats, beavers, hares, deer fawns, ground squirrels, foxes, coyotes


Common snapping turtles, diamondback terrapin, common musk turtles, snakes


Crabs, crayfish


  1. l. leucocephalus – Southern bald eagle
  2. l. washingtoniensis – Northern bald eagle

Number of Eggs

1 – 3 eggs

Eggs Size

  • LENGTH: 73 mm (2.9 in)
  • BREADTH: 54 mm (2.1 in)
  • WEIGHT: 130 g (4.6 oz)

Breeding Season

Late-February to mid-March

Incubation Period

34 – 36 days

Nestling Period

56 – 98 days


  • DEPTH: 4 m (13 ft)
  • WIDTH: 2.5 m (8.2 ft)
  • WEIGHT: 1 metric ton

Fledging Period

8 to 14 weeks

Gestation Period

35 days

Sexual Maturity

4 – 5 years




20 years (avg.)

50 years (max.)


GLIDING: 56–70 km/h (35–43 mph)

DIVING: 120–160 km/h (75–99 mph)

Baby Name



Apex predators


kleek kik ik ik ik


Diurnal, territorial

Conservation Status

Least Concern