American Bald Eagle
- They have feather-free legs and powerful large talons.
- The bald eagle is one of the largest raptors in North America.
- It is also the national bird of the United States.
- In the U.S. it is illegal to keep bald eagle in captivity unless you’ve got permit for that.
- Bald eagle’s nest is the largest tree nest of any animal.
Size & Weight
- BODY-LENGTH: 70–102 cm (28–40 in)
- WEIGHT: (males) 4.1 kg (9.0 lb) (females) 6 kg (12 lb)
- WINGSPAN: 1.8 and 2.3 m (5.9 and 7.5 ft)
- WING CHORD: 5–69 cm (20.3–27.2 in)
- TAIL: 23–37 cm (9.1–14.6 in)
- TARSUS: 8 to 11 cm (3.1 to 4.3 in)
Deciduous forests, Sonoran Desert, Aleutian Islands, seacoasts, lakes, marshes, rivers, hardwood trees, mangrove swamps, open prairies, pinelands, slash pines, loblolly pines, cypress trees
United States, northern Mexico, Canada, New England, Alaska, Florida
Pink salmon, sockeye salmon, trout, Chinook salmon, coho salmon, Pacific herring, eulachon, largescale suckers, common carp, catfish, American gizzard shad, white bass, Pacific sand lance, brown bullhead, mullet, eels, threadfin shad
Emperor geese, ducks, gulls, herons, alcids, egrets, grebes, American coots, snow geese, common loons, sandhill cranes, Canada geese, American white pelicans, brown pelicans, northern gannets, storm petrels, terns, cormorants, corvids, vultures
Rabbits, raccoons, muskrats, beavers, hares, deer fawns, ground squirrels, foxes, coyotes
Common snapping turtles, diamondback terrapin, common musk turtles, snakes
- l. leucocephalus – Southern bald eagle
- l. washingtoniensis – Northern bald eagle
Number of Eggs
1 – 3 eggs
- LENGTH: 73 mm (2.9 in)
- BREADTH: 54 mm (2.1 in)
- WEIGHT: 130 g (4.6 oz)
Late-February to mid-March
34 – 36 days
56 – 98 days
- DEPTH: 4 m (13 ft)
- WIDTH: 2.5 m (8.2 ft)
- WEIGHT: 1 metric ton
8 to 14 weeks
4 – 5 years
20 years (avg.)
50 years (max.)
GLIDING: 56–70 km/h (35–43 mph)
DIVING: 120–160 km/h (75–99 mph)
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