Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Aves
Order Passeriformes
Family Turdidae
Genus Turdus
Species T. migratorius
Scientific Name Turdus migratorius

american robin Other Name

San Lucas robin

American Robin Description

  • The American robin is likely to be active during the day and assembles in large flocks at night.
  • American robins are one of the earliest species to lay eggs.
  • The robin bird is first discovered in 1766 by Carl Linnaeus.
  • The female lays blue colored eggs.
  • Robins are the largest North American thrush.
  • American robins are seen hopping or flying just above the ground.
  • Robins attract their mate by singing.

Size & Weight

Adults:

  • TOTAL LENGTH: 23 to 28 cm (9.1 to 11.0 in)
  • WINGSPAN: 31 to 41 cm (12 to 16 in)
  • WEIGHT: (Males) 72 to 94 g (2.5 to 3.3 oz) (Females) 59 to 91 g (2.1 to 3.2 oz)
  • WING CHORD: 5 to 14.5 cm (4.5 to 5.7 in)

Subspecies

  • m. migratorius
  • m. nigrideus
  • m. achrusterus
  • m. caurinus
  • m. propinquus
  • m. confinis
  • m. phillipsi

Habitat

Woodlands, mountains, shrubs, forests, tundra, fields, lawns

Range

Alaska, Canada, northern Florida, Gulf Coast, Mexico, Pacific Coast, Greenland, Puerto Rico, Belize, Cuba, Bermuda, Bahamas

Diet

Earthworms, caterpillars, grasshoppers, snails, spiders, dogwood, junipers, beetle grubs, fruits, berries

Reproduction

3 – 5 eggs

Incubation Period

12 – 14 days

Nest

  • HEIGHT: 1.5–4.5 m (4.9–14.8 ft)
  • WIDTH: 8 in (2.1 cm)

Breeding Period

April – July

Nestling Period

13 days

Population

310,000,000

Lifespan

  • 2 years (avg.)
  • 14 years (max.)

Home Range

16,000,000 sq km (6,200,000 sq mi)

Predators

Squirrels, blue jays, northern pygmy owls, common ravens, Accipiter hawks, common grackels, snakes, rat snakes, golden eagle, American kestrel, gyrfalcon, sharp-spinned hawk, snowy owls, Steller’s jay, brown-headed cowbird

Speed

30 mph

Sounds

Cuck, chirp, yeep, chuck

Behavior

Migratory

Conservation Status

Least Concern