Scientific Classification

Clade Synapsida
Class Mammalia
Order Proboscidea
Family Elephantidae
Genus Loxodonta
african elephant
African Elephant ©www.zoomiami.org

African Elephant Description

  • The African bush elephant is the largest of all the elephants.
  • They are thought to consume as much as 450 kilograms (992 lb) a day.

Size & Weight

Adults:

Bush Elephant

(Males)

  • WEIGHT: 4,700–6,048 kg (10,360–13,330 lb)
  • SHOULDER HEIGHT: 2–4.0 m (10–13 ft)

(Females)

  • WEIGHT: 2,160–3,232 kg (4,762–7,125 lb)
  • SHOULDER HEIGHT: 2.2–2.6 m (7–9 ft)

Forest Elephant

  • WEIGHT: 10 tonnes (10 long tons; 11 short tons)
  • SHOULDER HEIGHT: 5 m (8 ft)

TUSKS

  • LENGTH: 5–2.4 m (5–8 ft)
  • WEIGHT: 23–45 kg (51–99 lb)
african elephant
African elephants are larger than the Asian elephants

Subspecies

Habitat

Miombo woodlands, dense forests, Sahelian deserts, Sahelian scrub, mopane

Range

Eastern Africa, Central Africa, West Africa, Southern Africa

Diet

Herbivores

Reproduction

1 calf

Lifespan

50 years

Gestation Period

2 years

Sexual Maturity

10 – 12 years (Female)

Population

700,000